Interior Design Ideas for Your Apartments

download (3)If you are staying in an apartment that needs some refurbishing, then this article will definitely help you. Apartments usually tend to be smaller and hence, designing them in the right way is essential. Remember that while you decide on the interior design for your apartment, you need to ensure that adding an different element does not give a cluttered appearance. Giving a spacious feel to the apartment must be the primary aim while you work on its interiors. So go through these interior design ideas and have the place designed in a classic way.

Interior Decorating Ideas for Apartments

Create Maximum Space
Declutter the area, and remove all the useless items. Make sure that you get all such items out of the apartment. Also make a list of items you need to add to your apartment, which might occupy considerable amount of space. For instance, if you are opting for a new electronic appliance which needs to be placed on the floor, you need to ensure that certain area needs to be dedicated for this item in the new plan.

Consider Having More Storage
In apartments where space is a concern, you need to get some more storage spaces. The storage ideas need to be smart so that they will help you pack in the objects and add up to the decorations as well. One of the best ideas is to have decorative cabinets and other storage units. Having colorful wall cabinets on one of the walls of your bedroom is the best tip for small bedrooms. You can give it a look of wood wall paneling, thereby also hiding the storage space.

If you have a kitchen island or planning to install one, it must be storage oriented. You may have a lot of drawers and closed shelves in this. In the living room you may have the floating wall shelves which will provide space to place the decorative art pieces. You can also plan to have shelves for the entertainment center, hence freeing the floor space. You may also opt for a flat screen TV that can be mounted on the wall.

Arrangement and Decoration
Starting with the flooring, it is best to expose the wooden flooring. If you have been covering it with rugs and carpets, get them off. The view of wood flooring gives an elegant and spacious look to the apartment. To furnish the apartment, go for the posh leather sofas and pick the style according to your living room.

You may place a round or square rug in the center of the seating arrangement. For small walls you can have long rectangular frames to give the wall a stretched look. Also have the floating wall shelves on the larger wall, so that it doesn’t give a cluttered look. You can display other artworks on the passage wall, which often gets left out. If your apartment has a large living area or a common living and dining area you can opt for the opaque partition or translucent panel to divide the area and maintain the privacy element. These room dividers will also help you have defined spaces.

Best Choice of Colors
Go for lighter shades, white being the best. While you might wonder that white is very common, it allows you best to play with colors. With white walls you may have any color of furniture, cabinets, shelves, wall paneling, flooring, and furnishing.

Get some bold colors for the furnishings. You can also have a red and white, violet and white, gray and white combo to spice up the home decor. Get those vases and decorative items to match these wall colors and place in the corners.

Illumination is the Key
Proper lighting is essential, therefore it is best to install huge glass windows through which sunlight can illuminate the rooms. Don’t forget to have the lovely window blinds which can be pulled down when required. Place the lamps in corners in various angles to create beautiful light patterns on the walls. You can go for decorative embedded lighting for the living and dining area. These come in large decorative patterns as well. Hanging a chandelier above the dining table or kitchen island and in the living area is also a great idea. Don’t forget to consider illumination for each wall art, shelve, and the passage area.

The aforementioned ideas will help you have a great looking area. Make sure it looks spacious and not blocked. Choosing the right color combos is a must to give the perfect touch to the designing.

Building a Spiral Staircase

download (2)A spiral staircase is built in such a way that each of its step is supported by brackets that are attached to a pole at the center. This structure is particularly good when the available space for building a staircase is very limited. Generally, an outdoor staircase is built to access a deck and the indoor ones for a loft within the house. Some people also opt for a spiral staircase because of its great look which enhances the overall home decor and has got a nostalgic feel associated with it. Metal staircases are made of either wrought iron or steel and are more popular because of their sturdiness.
Planning and Preparation
You need prior permission from the local authority in your area to build a spiral staircase in your house. Therefore, the first step to implement your plans is to complete the necessary formalities and obtain the required permit from the concerned authority.

Next, you have to figure out the exact location where you would like to put up the stairs in your house. Though the wall plays a major role in adding strength, the central pole should not be positioned anywhere too close to the wall. Otherwise, you will face a lot of difficulty to get the turn during installation of the staircase. Another important aspect is that the staircase should be set at such a place where there is sufficient headroom. Keep in mind that the usual norm is that a headroom of 6 feet 6 inches should be there at the top stairs.

Take the accurate measurements of the height and diameter of the staircase. You have to include 2 inches of space from walls and the floor of the stair steps for the handrails. If required, take the measurements twice as you cannot afford to make any mistake. While calculating the tread height, the width of the area outside the steps has to be taken into account.

You can purchase a DIY (or do it yourself) kit from the manufacturers after selecting the right design from their catalogs. The kit has all tools and materials that are needed for construction of a spiral staircase. It consists of – a sturdy pole for the center of the staircase, steps and brackets that need to be attached to the central pole with the help of a circular clamp. The clamp consists of a brace to which the stairs are rested upon. The stair is further strengthened with the support of the nearby wall. Even if you do not have prior experience in building staircase, you can carry out this task without any difficulty by referring to the manual provided with this kit. The main steps are as follows:

Prepare Stair Treads and Risers

Begin the process by cutting all the stair treads at a time in any specific pattern of your choice. The minimum length of each of the treads should be of 36 inches so that one can climb the stairs comfortably. Make sure that their width is 4 inches and not more than that. This will give a smooth gradation to the flight of steps. Similarly, cut all the risers each with a width of 4 inches.

Installation of Pole at the Center

The next step is to install the center pole into the floor on the baseplate provided with the kit. Place the baseplate on the designated area of the floor on a leveled surface and fix it onto the ground. The length of the pole is equivalent to the height of the upper level step from the lower floor. The entire weight of the staircase comes on this pole and it should be strong and steady enough to bear that pressure. Therefore, you have to secure it properly to the ground or else it will keep moving to-and-fro. To make it safer, the upper end of the center pole can be fixed up with the help of a plumb bob.

Installation of Treads and Risers

First of all, the topmost step of the spiral stair has to be affixed with the top of the central pole near the opening of the loft. Then you can proceed towards installing the remaining lower steps. This technique will ensure that there is adequate headroom at the upper entrance and you can adjust the position of the rest of the steps according to availability of space. Place the top step on the brace and fasten it properly to the pole with the help of the screws. Install the following treads in the same manner. Then slide the risers vertically in between two treads. This will add more stability to the treads of the staircase. In order to maintain a uniform space in between two steps, circular spacers are inserted over the circular pole.

Installation of Hand Railings

Hand railings are a must for the spiral staircase as it provides adequate vertical support to a climber. Installation of hand railings is a bit tricky task. People without proper carpentry skills may find it difficult. To avoid any kind of hassles, it is better to buy those railings that are specifically designed for spiral staircase. Manufacturers of such railings provide instructions for its installation. Go through the guidelines carefully and install the hand railings accordingly. You should start installing the handrails from the bottom and move to the top.

Bedroom Painting Designs in Your Home

download (1)Bedrooms are your personal spaces and by that virtue, an extension of your personality. Various bedroom wall painting designs help you in painting your bedroom, the way you want. You can customize your designs, try out some bold and innovative designs or use the ones that are already available in the catalog. Depending on who will be using the bedroom, you can decide what kind of bedroom painting ideas will suit the room. Don’t hesitate to use bright and brilliant colors to paint your bedroom. Here are some bedroom painting ideas to help you kickstart your colorful spree!

Bedroom for Kids
Expecting parents, families with a newborn and families with kids, pay attention please. Kids love color! Having kids in the house can itself be an inspiration, to paint the room in a riot of colors. If you are the expecting parents and are in a dilemma whether to choose blue or pink, go in for pastel shades in your kid’s room painting ideas. Babies love such fresh colors, as it makes the environment very cheerful. You can try mellow yellow, fresh greens and light shades of red, in your baby’s room painting ideas. Families looking to revamp the room for their little ones, must involve the child too, while discussing the color schemes. Try out themes in the room, like ‘rocket launcher’, where you can paint the universe and the rocket on the walls. Another theme would be ‘kites’, wherein you can paint a picture of kite flying all over the wall. If it’s a girl’s room, then try something like fairies and barbies.

Bedroom for Teenagers
Teenagers do not like the drama of pastel bedroom colors and designs, thinking that they are the themes for children. They like the use of bold colors, like fiery red, mystic maroon and sunset orange. There are a few themes, which you can use as teenage bedroom painting ideas. A lit up skyline or a sunset would look out of this world, as a teenage bedroom design! Let your children participate too, in deciding what the room should look like. Teenagers are not the ones with patience, so don’t add too much of furniture in the room, especially some that will require painting. Keep it as spacious as possible.

Bedroom for Grown Ups
Out of the teenage and rebellious phase, mellow is the theme that grown ups prefer. Paint the bedroom with one wall decked up in fine wine and the rest in snow white. This is mystical combination, which gets an aura of calmness into your room. The other combinations can be like, coffee brown with beige, black satin on one wall, with the others in pure white, etc. Always ask the person what color he/she would prefer, because seeing the favorite colors, soothes the mind by bringing it back on the track. Thus bedroom painting ideas are just not about aesthetics, but about personal balance too.

Bedroom for Couples
A newly wed couple or a couple who’s celebrated a 50th anniversary, bedroom painting is a great way of reviving the romance. Let the enigma of maroon set in, or the sensuality of black and white bedroom designs, the blue of the ocean, the generosity of green and the brilliance of orange, splash on your walls to reinvigorate the lost feelings.

Many home decorating and painting companies will give you existing models of bedroom designs. However, having your own idea will add warmth to your room. Painting the room has the power to transform the mood as well. Beautiful color combinations are known to lift moods and heal people. So why not have it at your own home. Indulge in rediscovering your bedroom secrets with paints and fall in love with your room all over again!

Find House Design Types

It’s possible to achieve a great house design with a low budget. To achieve this, one must invest keenly on the architectural design. A good example is Allan Donovan’s House in Kitengela which is designed with a West African concept in mind-flat roof with pigeon holes on the parapet wall.

Another example is the Hacienda Eco City Development in Mombasa which is also coincidentally designed with a West African/Islamic architectural concept with a flat roof and pigeon holes on the parapet walling.

The presidential State Lodge in Sagana, Nyeri is also a magnificent piece of architecture that has utilized architectural design to achieve greatness without necessarily using very expensive materials. It’s a plain rectangular house with hipped roofs and low aluminum casement windows.

Technological uses also affect budget. New lighter roofing materials such as stone-coated steel roofing tiles save on the amount of timber trusses used to support the roof.

The choice of foundation type will also affect the costs. Estates such as Jericho in Eastlands area were built on a raft type of foundation which is very cheap to put up. The ground floor slab rests on small sized beams which are laid on top of the ground so no excavations and foundation walling is done.

On superstructure walling, within Nairobi area, masonry stone is readily available hence not expensive. A cost-effective way to achieve elegance is to have the stones hand-dressed to a pattern of your liking. Hand-dressed stones bring out character to your house and will save you in terms of maintenance since they virtually require no maintenance at all.

Prefabricated houses are slowly coming into the Kenyan market. These houses are the solution to affordable housing in the developed economies such as USA, China and Europe and it’s a matter of time till they find their niche in Kenya.

In conclusion, architectural design and use of appropriate technology can greatly reduce the cost of construction of your house.


Finding the Right Firm to Design Your Architectural

Architectural designed homes have so many prominent advantages over classical, engineered homes that it makes little sense to spend large amounts of money on a living space that does not feel personalized and lacks character. At the end of the day, that is among the primary reasons that people are increasingly opting to spend a little extra and hire a talented architecture firm to design their dream space.

If you’ve decided to spend some money on hiring an architectural firm to design your dream house for you, the next big decision to make is finding the right firm to carry out your vision. There are so many firms out there today that choosing one can become a really daunting task. That said, it’s worth mentioning here that Architecture in itself is a very competitive field, and even if you blindly took your business to one of the reputed firms, you wouldn’t regret it.

However, since it’s your home that’s at stake here, an environment that forms the living space where you spend a large portion of your life in, it makes sense to try and get down to the details and pick a firm that will be just right for you. There are several ground rules that you can keep in mind that will help you transform what is just a desire for a great house to something you can step into and feel good about.

First of all, in the architecture world, reputation plays a big role. What really form the backbone of a firm are the architects that are employed there. The best architects tend to go work for the most reputed firms, simply because architects by nature love watching the best of the business work and learn from them. As a result, when choosing the right firm for you, make sure to try and get some word of mouth reviews or even look on the internet about the firms you’re considering.

Every architectural firm has its own distinct sense of style. A signature design, if you will. Some firms prefer a modern, minimalist look while others may prefer a lusher, rustic look. Examining this is easy, all you have to do is find out some projects that the firm has undertaken before. This not only gives you a peek into the style the firm prefers and allows you to see if it matches what you like, but also allows you to see how dedicated and committed the firm is to quality.

A good firm will carefully examine your needs before drawing a single line of blueprint for your architectural designed home. The most distinct sign of a good firm is if they are interested and passionate about your vision for your home. They will ask lots of questions, ask for your feedback and opinions, and show you 3D models at different stages of development. Choosing a firm is actually somewhat of an intuition, because the minute you find the right firm, you’ll feel comfortable discussing your ideas and vision with them, so don’t be afraid to look around before you settle for one firm.


Start Your Enterprise Architecture Program

Recently I’ve been asked this same question over and over again. If I were to create enterprise architecture office, what would be my first steps? This endeavor can be approached from several directions. I would say that the first thing that is required for a program is to find your supporters in the organization.

In order to get support while in your current architecture role inside your company, you must approach the CIO, or another business executive responsible for strategy. You are looking for support for this concept as well as financial backing and time to work on setting up the program.

You will need a strong liaison on the business side in order to support your project as well. Often this comes from a financial office, or potentially the strategic planners in your company. Once you have decided or found your supporter you can take your next steps in staffing the program.

If you are an architect inside the organization who did the initial approach to your supporter, you will want to set up your role as the leader, or find the person who should take that position. If you are the CIO looking for a way to start a program, it may be your job to find a brand new enterprise architect from outside or grow one internally.

Find the chief architect or director of architecture next is usually best way to start. Handing a new EA your program and your vision will not likely have as good as a result as if they were initially involved. Starting group without a leader will most likely leave the issue to become a program later on.

After you have identified the leader, you can determine what their high level vision would be for a company like yours. You will need to determine what your goal or objective of any EA program if. Do you have a burning issue inside your organization that is driving your need for an EA program? Do you have a large project is burning out of control begging for enterprise architecture leadership?

If you’ve got specific IT initiatives for several new business strategies, this may be all you need in order to set goals and objectives for your program. If you’ve got a runaway IT organization lacking in consistent standards in applications, or in dire need of a technology overhaul, this may be your anchor. If you are looking to gain leverage using technology in your business, this could also drive your EA program start.

At the end of the day you’re going to need some high-level vision to align your group with the results you wish to deliver. Be sure to include things like enterprise decision-making and governance, risk avoidance, standardization & optimization of your infrastructure, as well as consolidation of efforts. Decision-making by a central group on enterprise-wide technology is also increasing as one of the biggest reasons drivers behind the group.

You will need to determine how your program will do the work, and which team you will assemble. We’ll assume that you assemble some existing resources from an architecture position, or are you going to have to hire externally or from amongst others in your organization that have architecture background.

There’s several ways to do this, and requires more details than I can expand on in this post. At this point you need to have an understanding with your supporter as to how much of your time will be spent on this program and how much others time you can have to get allocated.

You’ll also need a rough outline of what your first steps shall be and I would suggest that you map out at least the next 6 to 12 months. Anybody who will support you will want to know what your plans are in which you plan to do with the team.

I have typically used a multi-pronged approach in that I want to target issues that were outstanding, as well as one or two new initiatives that are strongly linked to providing value to the organization as soon as possible. I will be adding some video in the next few weeks that outlines some quick wins for a new start-up program, if you care to follow this thread.


Choosing a Good Architectural Signage

In the recent times it has been found that architects are using topographical elements in their signage designs. Architectural signage has become big business this is because not only does it enable a potential customer or an already existing customer to locate you, but having this type of signage is one form of advertising your business. Actually in recent years signage has become an art in order to keep up with the times and the current trend. With the rise of new and upcoming designers the signage world is constantly changing for the better because there are new designs and the pressure for these designers is to create signage that will stand out from the rest.

We all can agree that in business it is important to let people know who you are and what you do hence, the business signs that you choose should reflect not only your business but also you. Having an architectural signage that is attractive, informative and stylish will not only revamp your business but even you.

There are a number of classic architectural signage all over the world that have captured the eyes and attention of a huge audience especially in the design world. These signs of extreme wonder have in co-operated all forms of style. When choosing an architectural signage design it is important to choose carefully the image that matches your business.

The following are pointers to note when choosing a good architectural signage for your business.


Every company be it large or small have different images and clientele and thus when choosing a design you need to keep that in mind as this design will reflect the essence of the company and what it represents.


An excellent architectural design is one that is not only great to look at during the day but also is a striking work of art at night thus, it is important to have the right lighting in order to properly show the work of art. This will not only be a centre of attraction in terms of beauty but will also attract and generate new business and bring in new clients.


When designing the signage it is important to also take a look at the design of the building so as the signage can reflect the architecture of the building.


A good architectural signage is birthed out of an idea. Knowing what you want is one thing but you should also have a distinctive picture in your mind, and with that you can now look for the right people to transform your idea into reality and them you can only find through research finding the right architectural designer is paramount if you are to get the best results.

Finally with all that in place, you need to know that signage is getting bigger and better and that it is no longer just some stickers on the wall or window, but this is something that is thought of right from the start even before the building is erected. The only disadvantage of this is that many businesses are permanently tied to the building as it becomes remarkably difficult to move from the building due to the signage. And then again it limits the chances of changing the signage in the event that you want to rebrand.


Design Tips for Small Bathrooms

When you are living in a small apartment, it is highly improbable that you will have a big luxurious bathroom. Bathrooms in apartments are usually tiny and you have to make do with it. While it is not feasible to change the basic layout of the bathroom or knock out walls to make it bigger, you can make it appear spacious. When designing a small bathroom, some of the key factors that you need to consider are smart storage solution, proper use of color, bathroom accessories and the right selection of bathroom fittings, bathroom cabinets and vanities. When your bathroom is neat and uncluttered with a proper place for every conceivable item, it gives the bathroom a relaxed and spacious appearance.

Design Tips for Small Bathrooms

Although small bathrooms might seem restrictive in terms of designs that you can employ, yet there are ways in which you can make a small bathroom look elegant and modern.

Using Paint Colors Judiciously
When you are considering design ideas for small bathrooms, one of the basic things that you should follow is a good color scheme. Gone are the days when the only viable option you had was to paint the bathroom in white. Although white makes the bathroom appear larger, it is also a very cold and stark color that gives the bathroom a clinical appearance. It is best to opt for a muted color scheme like lavender, sea blue, lime green or yellow. Do not shy away from bright colors. The best way to add some impact to your small bathroom is to paint just one of the walls in a bright hue and keep the rest of the walls in a muted tone. This directs the eye towards the bright wall and gives the bathroom a contemporary look and ambiance.

Installing Proper Lighting
Just choosing the right paint colors will not help in making a small bathroom appear larger. You need to have proper lighting installed too. The trick here is to opt for recessed lighting or halogen lighting instead of stark white lighting. This gives the bathroom depth and saves it from looking too austere and spartan. To optimize bathroom lighting, one of the best ideas is to install lighting just above the vanity mirror. This way light gets reflected from the mirror, making the bathroom appear larger than it is. Wall sconces and floor lamps are also good lighting options for a small bathroom. Another way to increase lighting in your bathroom is to maximize natural light. Installing a larger window with frosted glass is a good option that you can consider.

Using Smart Storage Solution
One of the primary reasons that a small bathroom looks tinier is due to clutter. People try to fit in too many things inside the bathroom and the end result is that it looks too cluttered. Install wall mounted cabinets that are painted in neutral or soft colors. Avoid using too many trims and decorative edges for your bathroom cabinets and bathroom vanities. If possible do away with a linen cabinet altogether and store your linens in a cabinet outside the bathroom. Also, invest in smaller cabinets and bathroom vanities that fit the proportions of the bathroom. Instead of pedestal sinks, use stylish stainless steel and glass bowls bathroom sinks. This type of sinks are not only aesthetically pleasing, but their minimalistic design ensures that there is no wastage of space.

Choosing the Right Fittings
One of the best bathroom design ideas for small spaces is to use the right bathroom fittings. Bathroom fittings are one of the most expensive components in a bathroom and you need to make sure that it is functional and matches the decor of the bathroom. Stainless steel and brass fittings that come in sleek minimalistic designs are a good choice. Avoid anything that is overly ornate and decorative, as they make a small bathroom look oppressive and cluttered.

Choosing the Right Accessories
The right accessories can make any small bathroom appear more spacious and give it warmth and character. Modern design for small bathrooms can be enhanced by the use of accessories like bathroom rugs, towels and toothbrush holders that match the decor of the bathroom. However, make sure that you use accessories that are functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. Another important point to remember is to use one single eye-catching piece of decorative accessory instead of lot of smaller pieces.

These were some design ideas that are ideal for a small bathrooms. Bathroom designs for small spaces should be done in such a way that it looks modern yet relaxed. Use these interior design ideas for small bathrooms to make your small bathroom appear larger and spacious.

Bathroom Lighting Tips

A bathtub filled with bubbles, aroma candles lit all around you, with soft music playing on the stereo, and the lights are dim and colorful; with such a bath setting, you wouldn’t want to get out of there for at least an hour. Lights accentuate the feeling of a particular room, and the bathroom is the best room in the house to install these lights. You can style your bathroom in any way you want and give it a completely different look with just the light arrangements.


Like your bedrooms, you can definitely add a personal touch to your bathrooms as well. The way you want it to look and feel is completely your choice. Some people go for a design with pictures, frames, and flashy lighting, while others love to give it a more stylish and formal touch with mirrors and dim lights. Even if you paint the room in a particular color, the lights can make a huge difference as they reflect on the walls and ceiling to give a different color entirely.

Small Bathrooms

Small bathrooms are a common sight in many homes. This doesn’t mean that you don’t have much of a choice to design them; you can have beautiful lights in them too. Small bathrooms are perfect to get sconces installed. There is a variety of designs in these sconces, and you can get elegant ones which will match your interiors and colors. Victorian metalwork looks very beautiful when installed on white or ivory walls. They can give a cozy, authentic, and classy look, and change the appearance with their unique designs.

Another great idea is pendant lighting or fancy chandeliers. They look very graceful and attractive. You can have designs which can make the bathrooms a little personalized, classy, and neat. They provide enough light, so you don’t need to install any other lights. They are quite inexpensive too. If you want to have some more lights that will make the bathroom more interesting, you can have lights around the mirror, sink, shower, and tub. White lights don’t look as impressive as colored ones, so it is suggested that you go with the latter.

Large Bathrooms

If you are the kind of person who loves to have a relaxed bath in a grand bathroom, you can use the ideas mentioned above to install sconces and chandeliers to accentuate the colors of the room. Scones come in all shapes and sizes, in bright colors and designs. Mirror and bathtub lighting look great with colored bulbs; you can also add some colored lights in other places you think will look better in bright and beautiful lights.

Another very attractive way for light arrangements can be to install track lights. As large bathrooms have a big ceiling and lots of space, track lights will look very colorful and sophisticated. These lights look very sleek, and come in many shapes and sizes for you to choose from. They can even be co-ordinated with background music, or simply be set to change at particular intervals. They look rich and grand underneath a wooden plank or behind a glass setting.

Your bathroom can have a modern as well as old Victorian feeling with the kind of lights you choose to install. Choose the best style, and they are sure to fetch you quite a few compliments from your guests.

Tips on Designing for Office Stationery

Office stationery is one of important things you have to consider in your business. With good-looking stationery, the letter you sent to your business partner will be very impressive. It can help you get good impression as well. In addition, you can send letter with professional look to your clients, vendors, and media so that they will not toss it as junk.

You can design your own office stationery indeed. You only need computer, paper, word processing software, printer, and envelopes. Just follow these steps and make your own office stationery.

Before designing, you have to consider the image of your corporate, whether it is elegant, serious, bold, or lighthearted. The design should go along with this image. Make the envelopes, postcards, business card, mailers, and brochures go along with the theme of your company.

Determine the letterhead volume you are going to use. If you communicate with your clients mostly by email or phone, you will not need a lot of letterhead on your hand. For this case, you only need to design a template for your letterhead design. You simply print it by the time you need it. On the other hand, if you need to make a lot of correspondence, you will need a high quality printer which supports printing at larger quantity. In addition, you need to choose the right paper, font, and color scheme to make it more attractive.

Decide whether you need stationery with incorporate graphics or straight text. You have no skill in graphic design, you can hire for graphic artist. It can help you design professional stationery. You can also add photograph. Choose one with high-quality shot.

Choose the right paper color for your letterhead. Colors with the most professional look include cream, white, light grey, pale green, pale blue, and ecru. These modest backgrounds will make the content of your letter easier to read. In addition, it will not clash with any graphics, borders, or photographs which you incorporate in the design. The appropriate letter weight for your letterhead is 20 lbs. It will slide smoothly to the printer.

While designing the letterhead, you have to make sure that you have included the crucial things such as the name of your company, address, phone number, email number, and fax number. If you have your own company website, you can include it as well. Additionally, you also have to include the slogan of your company if it has any.

Make an experiment about the front and the color of your text. Choose for the best one. Then, you simply need to save your design. Save it as word template if you want to print it as you need. On the other hand, save it in a Word document if you want to print it for reproduction.


Choosing Paint Colors for Your Kitchen

Colors have the power to make any room look larger or smaller, change the focus, hide flaws, make the room come to life, and set the mood. Which is why, making the right color choices is the key to redecorating or repainting any room in the house. In order to find the right colors for your kitchen, we have provided some ideas that may come in handy. Wondering what they are? Then read the following article to find the necessary information…

Kitchen Color Combinations
Following are ready color palettes that will give you suggestions on colors for the walls, cabinets, and furniture.

Choosing the Right Kitchen Colors
Now that you have a few suggestions on the paint color combination, why don’t we go through some of the checkpoints or important step that need to be followed. Repainting a kitchen is not a small task and you will require proper strategies to make the entire process a little less stressful.

Make Use of Samples
Sometimes, just looking at the paint chips and cards or images of wonderfully-painted kitchens is not enough. Also, certain color shades may have different names, but they look quite similar, confusing you furthermore. Which is why, paint samples can come in handy. Apply a few coats on your walls to see how they will appear once applied. This way, you can visually tell what that particular color’s effect is.

Begin with the Primary Color
Many times, the trouble or the reason you’re stuck in finalizing colors is because you haven’t chosen the primary color for the kitchen. The primary or general color will define how your kitchen will appear once completed. Your primary color will be painted on all the walls that make up the space of the kitchen. Now remember, choose a color that looks fabulous in your eyes; it doesn’t matter whether it’s dark or light.

Gather the Paint Chips & Cards
For secondary colors, you may need to fetch the paint chips. Depending on the primary color you’ve selected, pick shades that work well with it. These shades can be either a few lighter or darker shades of the primary color, or a contrasting color altogether.

Working the Contrast
While selecting and combining colors, it’s quite common to get confused as to which shades work well with one another. If the base color of the kitchen is light, then you can include dark shades of the base color or a different dark color for the cabinets and furniture; and that goes the other way as well. Now the furniture and the cabinets need not be of the same color. You can easily incorporate a new color to give the kitchen a fresh look.
Don’t Forget the Ceiling

Many tend to overlook the importance of a kitchen ceiling. As a matter of fact, the ceiling is a vital piece in painting the entire kitchen. You can go with classic white as this color can enhance any color combination and shades. Or if you’d like to make a bold statement, then experimenting with other color shades can be considered.

Eliminate & Finalize
After investing time in picking and sorting through various color combination, eliminating the shades you don’t think will work is essential. Don’t doubt your choices and pick colors that appeal your taste. At the end, all that’s left is to select the colors you wanted for the kitchen and using the samples to check whether the combination is attractive.
If you find it difficult to make the final decision, include your family and friends to help you out. Fresh set of eyes can make a huge difference when it comes to choosing paint colors. However, be careful that you don’t end up getting more confused with extra suggestions.

How to Hire a Kitchen Remodeling Contractor

It’s time to replace those cabinets that are falling apart, and that sink that is as old as your kid in college. It’s time to hire a contractor to revamp your kitchen into a desirable one―a space where you feel like spending more time and experimenting with delicacies that you have never tried before. And while we have already established that this task is anything but a cakewalk, we do assure you that nothing beats the outcome of thorough research and the establishment of a healthy bond between you and the contractor. Here’s Buzzle’s take on how to hire a kitchen remodeling contractor for an impeccable final product.
Before Hiring a Kitchen Remodeling Contractor: Ask About These
Before you begin looking for a contractor, understand and establish the scope of work. You want to remodel the kitchen, which means, you will have to take everything down, and replace it with new material and designs. This will include electrical work, cabinetry, plumbing, tiling, and painting. All these should fall within the scope of work of the remodeling contractor. Some contractors may provide the kitchen design. Others may want a design ready to execute from a professional designer. Iron out these details before you begin.

Once this area has been cleared, look into the following details, and watch out for the signs that you should not be establishing any association with a particular contractor.

Licensing, Insurance, and Permits

Any home improvement contractor, regardless of his specialty, must:
❖ Possess a valid license for his area of work.
❖ Possess liability insurance and workers’ compensation coverage to protect you and his workers from damages.
❖ Be able to obtain permits necessary to perform the said work (this may vary from state to state).
Flee if he says: Obtaining permits doesn’t fall within my domain. You will have to get them yourself.
This probably means he does not have the license necessary to work as a kitchen remodeling contractor, and should not be even talking to you.


When you call him and speak to him, you should be able to get a good understanding of his communication style, and whether you will be able to work with him for a certain time period. Based on your telephone conversation, you should meet him in person to understand what kind of personality he has, how he works, and whether he is accommodating of your requirements and desires from the project.
Flee if he says: I know what a kitchen should be like. They’re all the same.
This clearly implies that he uses the same model for all kitchens, and does not pay attention to individual requirements. It is also likely this may cause several clashes with him in the future.

Client References and Previous Work

This is the most important aspect of narrowing down on a kitchen remodeling contractor, and the biggest section here, too. It is only from the experiences of others that you can decide whether this individual you are going to hand over your hearth to, the individual who’s going to be spending several hours in a day in your house, is reliable or not.
Ask for pictures of previous work. Ask to visit sites in progress. Obtain a list of references from him, and speak to a minimum of three past clients. These are the questions you should be asking them.

❖ How was your experience working with the contractor?
❖ Were there any issues regarding payments?
❖ Are his sub-contractors reliable?
❖ Did you have the facility to change your decision during the project? If so, what was the procedure to make the change?
❖ Did he clean up after the day’s work?
❖ How many hours a day did he work?
❖ Are you satisfied with the quality of material used for the work?
❖ Have all your requirements regarding the kitchen been accommodated? If not, were the alternatives provided suitable enough?
❖ Were there any delays in executing the project?
❖ What is the best way to communicate with the contractor?
❖ Would you work with him again?
❖ Would you recommend him to friends and family?
Flee if he says: I have high regard for client privacy, and cannot give out information of past clients to you.
Client references are the basis on which contractors get more work. Obviously, this person has not been doing a very great job, and wants you to find that out for yourself, not from previous clients.
Bids and Prices

Bids should always be made in writing, after the entire scope of work has been established. When interviewing multiple contractors, get bids from all of them for the same scope of work. Then identify whether they are adding or subtracting certain services that the others are (not) providing. This is the best way to narrow down on prices, and establish a good rate for the entire remodeling work.
Also, check whether this is an estimate based on the scope of work or a fixed price that includes contracting fees and profit margins.

Flee if he says:

❖ I can provide a bid just by looking at the place.
❖ If you hire me immediately, I will give you a 30% discount on the total rate.
❖ If you get me two other client referrals, I will give you a 30% discount on the total remodeling cost.

Do not fall for these ‘schemes’ or the lowest bid, because this may mean that the contractor is going to compromise on material and quality of work, and you will be left with a sub-standard kitchen that is probably worse than what you put up for remodeling.

Payment Policy

Well-established contractors have a specific payment method. Most do not even need an advance to begin with, but they may take a small amount as security, should you change your mind about their services midway. Other payment terms are clearly defined in a written contract, and are provided with the bid for clarification.
Establishing a payment policy right at the start is essential so that you are able to arrange for the necessary funds, and no surprises are sprung on you halfway through the work.
Flee if he says: I will require a 50% advance to begin.
This is merely a sign of his poor financial condition, which indicates that he has been out of work and out of touch with his field for a while; which, in turn, means he is not very reliable.


It is likely that your contractor will sub-contract to electricians/plumbers/carpenters, and the like, to get specialized work and even to expedite the remodeling process. This should be fine as long as he knows exactly how the work is proceeding and has a strong rapport with them.
In this regard, find out:
❖ Who will be liable for the quality of work?
❖ How long has the contractor worked with these sub-contractors?
❖ Can you communicate with the sub-contractors, or is the contractor going to be your main communication channel (recommended)?
❖ Will payments have to be made to them separately, or will they go through the contractor?
Flee if he says: You will have to deal with the other contractors directly. My job is only to bring them to you.
That is not his only job, and you are not meant to get involved with his team. You are only supposed to coordinate with him, the main contractor.

An experienced contractor will have a strong network of suppliers who regularly provide material to him. Because his reputation is on the line, he will probably not liaise with suppliers who will provide poor quality material. And even though he has a profit margin on the cost you will incur upon its purchase, it is better to allow him to source all the material with its guarantee/warranty.
You do not want to end up buying material you hardly have an idea about, and then argue with suppliers if it is not what your contractor demanded. Just ensure that the material the contractor uses falls within your budget.
Flee if he says: If you want a good sink, you will have to spend $6000 on it. Nothing else is good enough.
Budget plays a very important role in your remodeling project, and while no one is suggesting that a contractor use cheap material to meet your budget requirements, he should not go overboard with it, and make you spend on something good that can be bought for a much lower price.

Any reputable kitchen contractor will not only offer a warranty on the material used, he will in fact guarantee that there will be no problems for a minimum of one year after the work has been completed. Ensure that you get this in writing from him. You can also recheck this from previous clients.
Flee if he says: Even doctors don’t provide guarantees.
What a lovely but completely irrelevant analogy. You are demanding a guarantee on tangible products, and it is very much possible to give one in this case.
Time Frame

The time frame within which the work is completed will depend on the scope of work, the size of the contractor’s team, and his experience and expertise in performing his job. He should be able to give you a believable time estimate so that you can plan your other activities accordingly. Also, ask if he will provide you with a temporary kitchen setup somewhere else in your house so that your kitchen activities may continue smoothly.
Flee if he says: (One week before Christmas) Sure, I can give you your kitchen by Christmas eve.
This guy is certainly very eager to land your job and equally eager to get it out of the way, which again is a ‘sub-standard job’ alert. Unless the job (or your kitchen) is really small, it is very unlikely that it will be completed to the last detail in a mere week.
Every bit of discussion pertaining to the kitchen remodel should be part of a written contract, including the makeshift kitchen he is going to provide. This is important so that both you and the contractor are secure, and have a legal document to resort to, in case of any differences. Thus, the time, the prices, the material, the sub-contractors, the number of times you can change your decisions and the method of implementing them, his liability to suppliers, liens that release you from any liability should the contractor fail to pay suppliers and subcontractors, and more, should all have individual clauses within the contract.
Flee if he says: These are small things. I am giving you my word on them.
Going back on your word is as easy as changing your mind about what you want to eat while waiting at the counter at McDonald’s. Get EVERYTHING in writing to ensure a successful project.
Finally, experts always suggest choosing a contractor whom you are comfortable communicating with. Even if he charges a slightly higher price, the outcome will be better, because he will understand your requirements and try his best to give you exactly what you want from your kitchen.

Bathroom Design for Small Spaces

Bathrooms are almost always one of the most ignored spaces in a house. While we tend to spend ages beautifying our house, we spend very little time on this essential room. Throughout the day, we keep using the bathroom. Hence, adequate attention should be given while decorating or remodeling the bathroom.
The essential things in a bathroom are the sink, the toilet, and the shower stall. Bathroom remodeling can be expensive and time-consuming. But with some smart design and color ideas, you can open up the small space of a bathroom. Here are some pictures of small bathrooms and tips that will inspire you to remodel or renovate a small bathroom.

Color Scheme for Small Bathrooms

Blue is a favorite bathroom color, it is soothing and pairs well with many other colors. Combining blue with white creates bright-looking walls. They reflect more light and open up the small space. Also, monochromatic scheme works great for small spaces. Cream is a popular bathroom color, and you can’t go wrong with it.

Lighting up Small Spaces

Lighting is an important factor while decorating small spaces. Installing a new window or a skylight in your old bathroom can increase the amount of natural light entering the bathroom.

Ceiling Lights

Using artificial lights, which are compact in size and throw a good amount of bright light, will brighten your room and give a feeling of more space. This light will also bounce off the light-colored walls and give an impression of more room.

Pedestal Sink

For saving space in a small bathroom, install a pedestal sink. They are available in many designs, patterns, and colors so that you can match them with your bathroom decor.
Floating Sink
Floating sinks are great for small spaces, they allow easy cleaning, and you can place a laundry basket under them. You can also consider installing a see-through floating sink made of glass for a more spacious look.

Cabinet Sink

Having some sort of storage underneath the sink is a good space-saving idea. You can see in the picture a rack is placed underneath the sink, which helps in smart storage. Alternatively, you can also opt for a cabinet sink.

Glass Shower Stall

If you don’t want a tub, go for a corner glass shower stall, as it will save more floor space. Using glass shows the other side of the shower stall, which makes the bathroom appear larger.

Glass and Mirrors in Tiles

Mirrors reflect a lot of light, and give depth and semblance of more room. You can also go for a slightly large mirror to give the bathroom a more spacious feeling. Or you can consider installing a mirrored glass door for the shower area.

Storage Cabinet

A bathroom cabinet with a mirror can be installed above the bathroom sink. Such a bathroom cabinet can also serve the purpose of a mirror, and you can store many products inside the cabinet and avoid unnecessary clutter.
Storage Shelves
Open hanging shelves are great for small bathrooms, and you can see the wall behind the shelf which gives an illusion of more space. You can have an open shelf in a corner of the bathroom. An open shelf behind the toilet is also a good idea for storing additional items. Install floating bars to hang towels, clothes, napkins, etc.


In a small bathroom, keep a maximum of three accents. Overdoing with accents to decorate a small bathroom will make it look cluttered and shabby. Potpourri and scented candles will not just look good, but will also keep the bathroom smelling fresh and nice.

Indoor Plants

Small indoor plants lend a green look to your bathroom. You can also consider hanging a painting depicting the outdoors.
A small bathroom is more practical than a larger one as a small bathroom is easier to maintain and clean. With these ideas, you can convert your small bathroom into a spacious, airy, and elegant space that you have always wanted.

Tips to Make Coffee Shop Design

Your desire to have opened a coffee shop is not bad one. You do however need to have information that will make it succeed at your fingertips. There is a lot you need to put into consideration before you go into the business. You should think of a coffee shop that would be a good source of income for you not one that would make you just another shop owner. The following are tips that can help you come up with a good coffee shop design.

Your Budget:

A lot will be determined by how much you intend to put into your business. There would be equipments you need to buy, installations you need to make and a whole lot of other things that would require you dip your hand into your coffers. Your budget would help you determine the scale upon which you are going to operate. You need to sit down and make some fiscal analyses to know exactly what your purse can afford you establish. This is the first step you need to make. It is very necessary because you don’t want to start and get cut off midstream when you run out of cash.

Your Design should speak for you:

It is always good if you can come up with a unique style and a new way of doing this old business. Experts in commercial business centers know that competition is cut throat but they are able to maintain a comfortable lead with their unique approach to the business. You should set about the goal of getting your own unique design and layout. There is no point saying this must be done before you start the business. Make sure you get the right location as a wrong one could land you a low turn out of customers which you don’t want to happen to you but of course this is also determined by your budget.

In any case, a commercial area is favoured over a less busy area. Whatever location you eventually select, the design you give the exterior of your shop speaks volume of what a potential customer may expect from it. You need to have a vivid image of where you want you want the commercial gala placed. You would definitely need some space for the movement of your customers. Do bear in mind the possibility of a large clientele if you provide quality service. Your floor space layout should make adequate space available right from the outset as it may not be an easy task restructuring after your shop has been built.

Decorative inputs:

You need to have color and decorative motif that would present the coffee theme for your shop. The interior and the exterior of your shop could be in different shades of coffee color. When you enter a coffee shop and you see paintings of coffee blenders, coffee mugs and cups and bags of coffee beans spilling over the top, they help drive home some awareness for the trade with force. These decorative paintings could be free hand graffiti or sketches done by you or your friends. You can also make use of actual coffee items like coffee mugs to decorate shelves in your shop. All these done, you need to provide adequate comfort for your customers. A cozy and beautiful environment is created with small couches, stools and a little space for some of your customers that may want to use their laptops over a cup of coffee.

Your coffee shop design is going to be instrumental in the success you make out of the business. It is always better to get it done right from the plan as you go about thinking more of the business.


Home Exterior Design

Are you tired of the exterior design of your house? I recommend you to make a plan for renovation. Make the design before you do the renovation of your house. The simplest form of renovation is the paint renovation. You need to apply new paint for very few years to keep the house look nice. Even though you do not have a luxurious house, you can still make your house look nice by having the simplest renovation.

Vinyl siding can be considered if you are planning for renovation. It is very durable, neat, and long-lasting. Vinyl siding is available in affordable price. Choose the best color that can make your house looks great.

Planning to have a unique house is good but you have to consider whether the color is appropriate or not. Look at the other homes before you re-paint your house. Never over do the paint because your house might look weird. For instance, shocking pink color will make your house stand out of the other houses. If your house is painted in neutral color, you can re-paint it with light or darker color. Choose soft color to keep the balance. You can also make shades for outstanding house.

Match the color of every element in your house. You can avoid jarring image by matching the color. Never add contrasting color to keep the color balance. Exception can be made if you are in low-budget. You can make some tricks to solve this problem. If you cannot change the old unit with the new one that has the similar color, you can simply paint it to the nearest color scheme. Other trick is by adding another unit that has the similar color.

If you have an old house, you can choose the color scheme that goes along with the architecture. Take color sample for easier color fitting. You can hire professional to do this job because old house exterior renovation is kind of hard to be done by beginner.

Hiring The Best Remote Architectural Designer

When you build a new house or renovate an existing one, the one resource that is indispensable is an architectural designer. However, hiring this resource locally is no longer an easy task, thanks to the severe talent crunch that the west is experiencing at present. In the first place, it is difficult enough to find a good architects and if at all you find one, you have to spend a fortune to hire them. In such a scenario, hiring a remote architectural expert is your best bet because this resource not just proves to be easy on your pockets but may actually be better qualified and experienced than the limited local talent pool. Topping the list of countries where extremely talented architects can be hired for a fraction of the western salaries is India. However, although there is no dearth of architectural talent in countries like India, you need to hire the best for yourself because it is your dream that is at stake.

Let us find out how can you hire the best remote architectural designer for your house:

    • To find the best resource, explore the virtual space: The best way to find a talented architect that can work exclusively for you from a remote location, is exploring the virtual space. So, before putting up an advertisement, just spread the word on the Internet that you are looking for a remote architectural designer. Visit websites that specialize in providing dedicated remote resources, explore the options and look at the kind of architectural designs that are in vogue. Getting resources through such channels has two advantages; first, you can check the quality of work and secondly, it does not cost anything.

    • Go for a dedicated resource instead of a freelancer: On the internet, the most lucrative option that you will find is of freelancers. Before considering this option, you should know that it is the design of your dream house that is at stake. To get the ultimate design, you may have to collaborate and communicate with your remote architect extensively. With freelancers this facility is rarely available. So, it is a good idea to go for a dedicated resource instead of a freelancer. A dedicated architectural designer is one that you hire through a vendor of repute who provides remote staffing solutions. This resource works exclusively for you from the office of the vendor and it is the vendor’s responsibility to provide your dedicated resources with the best communication devices and other necessary hardware and software.

    • Personally interview the remote resource: Let’s say that the service provider with whom you have partnered gives you well researched profiles of architectural professionals. Once you shortlist a profile, make sure that you interview the candidate personally through videoconferencing. This face-to-face interaction helps you make a better assessment of the competence of this resource. Take a call on hire only when you are fully satisfied with the credentials and competencies of a candidate. This way, you sift the chaff from the grain and get access to only the best architectural talent.

  • Prepare a detailed contract: Once you decide to hire a remote architect, prepare a detailed contract that clearly defines all the responsibilities of this creative resource as well as the service provider. There should be a clear mention of payment mode and schedule. You should also mention the penalties in case of any delay on the part of the architectural designer.


Architectural Services Building Up Modern Homes

The fast moving world has been witnessing the changes in every phase of human being and the same is case with Architectural services. So after analyzing the scarcity of the land and understanding the rapid increase in the demographic changes it has resulted in various developments in the field of Architectural design. The inspiration from the ancient architecture designs and after vast research and development it helped in discovering many new design patterns.

Architectural design involves the necessary services that help in the construction of buildings or monuments. However, with the huge competition one cannot expect to compromise with the reliability of architectural services. So the initial phase of architectural design initially starts with the selection of construction site as per clients’ requirement depending upon the type of building he wants to construct i.e residential or commercial. Upon selecting the site, the service providers of architectural design service will consider the building regulation act and client desires in preparing the design.

If you are one among the group of individuals who take the help of architectural services then they will assist you in acquiring the planning permission for your building. Their services also include completing the legal formalities required for building construction. After acquiring the planning permission the service provider will offer the services of the building contractors. And these contractors will help in selecting the right building material that can manage stress for long years.

Under the category of architectural services, interior design and exterior design is also included. They will make sure that your home is built with most efficient space management. The interior designers will take all things in to consideration and apply suitable color in your building to match the accessories such as furniture and other things offering a great living environment. However, choice will always be yours in decorating your home but to achieve the desired results professional services is essential.

Architectural design services aim to provide you with the ultimate provision of necessary services. They will see that proper sewage disposal and electrical supply is provided and most importantly the constituent forms of heat insulation. For highest standards of quality buildings with reliable architectural services you must contact salamonengineering.


Design Your Room Layout

There is an interior designer in all of us. We all have a dream room that we would like to unwind in, one that speaks for itself, and one that speaks for us too. However, to design a room layout may seem like a daunting task to some. The idea is just to unleash your creativity and allow all the mental blocks to melt away, in order to come up with a plan that you are most comfortable with. Whether you are looking for plain old comfort, or out to make a style statement, allow your room to bring out your personality.

Measure your room, and chalk out the basic plan on a graph paper, assuming every square on the paper is equal to one foot. Account for all the openings, i.e, doors and windows in the room, and write down the measurements beside each wall and opening on the diagram. Ensure that the diagram you have made is neat. Make several copies. You may also try to do this online with the different websites available for this purpose.

While deciding the layout, first account for all the furniture you want to place in it. Beds and nightstands are basic to a master bedroom. You may want to place a television with a cabinet at a viewing distance from the bed. Perhaps a love seat could be accommodated. It all depends on your personal requirements. If it is a teenager’s room, perhaps a single bed with one nightstand would be basic. Then a desk for the computer may be required. If the teenager plays a musical instrument such as the keyboard, space may be required to place it. If the teenager is an avid reader, a unit to store all his/her books will be needed. The bottom line is that you have to first make space for the basics. Enlist these requirements before you start placing the furniture.

Start Placing the Furniture
Measure all the furniture items, and then in the blank layout, start placing the furniture in different positions, as per the 1 square = 1 foot ratio. This is why you require several copies of the blank layout, so you can make different placement options that will help you decide on one that is most suitable for you. However, always keep these basics in mind:

  • Leave a minimum of 30 inches around any furniture item for clear passage.
  • Do not place any furniture item too close to any door opening, as this will hinder the passage and opening of the door.
  • Ensure there is adequate lighting in every part of the room. There shouldn’t be any dim and dark corners anywhere.
  • Avoid cluttering up spaces. You may want to have everything in your room, but clutter contributes to severe confusion, even of the mind, so keep it minimal.

You can get as creative as you like, and try out new and unique positions for different furniture requirements, keeping the above mentioned rules in mind.

Add in the Accessories
Once you have decided on the final plan, and placed in all the basic necessities, start decorating by adding in all the accessories to enhance the appearance of the room. While there is always place on cabinets and on walls for picture frames and the likes, perhaps you’d like to place a bean bag in an empty corner, or liven up a corner by placing in it, a beautiful lamp or a tall, floor-mounted candle stand. Some of you may want to place a water feature, such as a fountain in an empty space that will not hinder passage. The kind of accessories you place are the ultimate reflection of your personality.

As a rule of good interior design, room layouts should be kept uncluttered yet include as many of your personal requirements as possible. You don’t have to hire a professional interior designer. Bring out the designer in you. It is a space that is personal, and one that only you are going to live in. Don’t give designing trends preference over personal comfort, and create your own slice of paradise.

Architectural Drafting and Design for You

History of architecture can be traced back to times, when man started building shelters for himself. The techniques of different types of constructions, architecture, and civil engineering started evolving as professions, when the need for constructing buildings increased. After a gradual evolution, art of drafting and designing came into being. The disciplines of architecture, civil engineering and construction were hence differentiated.

What is it?

Architecture can be defined as the art of designing the buildings. However, it has a much wider scope and meaning. While making a plan for a building, an architect has to take many things into consideration. The first being the size and purpose of the structure. While creating a basic design, the mathematical as well as the scientific theories are put to use. Laws of physics related to gravity are also studied and considered to determine, if the structure of the proposed dimensions would or wouldn’t stand against the pull of gravitation.

How is it Useful?

This process is used to determine the mass and space of the entire structure. The plan that is drafted by the architect is usually in the ratio of the actual structure. For example, many building plans are made in the ratio 1:10. The plan gives the civil engineer an idea about the structure, who actually executes the process of construction. Some of the greatest examples of breakthrough architectural design are the pyramids of Egypt and Colosseum at Rome. The architects of these mega structures not only made plans on paper, but also resorted to making table-sized prototypes of the actual buildings. Table-sized prototypes are made even today, to determine the break-strength of the structure. The prototype of a building basically indicates durability, utility, and beauty of the proposed plan.

Uses in the Modern Era

In the modern era, considering the current space problems, this process is often used to determine the volume of the building, display its texture and overall get up. It is also used to ensure, if the current design blends with the landscape or not. This process includes the use of effects like light, shadow, colors of the building, and the program in general. Modern architects have also developed many techniques, which determine the estimated cost of the structure. This cost can be calculated, while the plan of the building is in its drafting stage. This process is often termed as costing.

It also include concepts like town planning, urban design, and landscaping. These concepts are used to make the building more compact and beautiful. They are also used to provide the building with maximum possible facilities. Nowadays, an independent branch of architectural design, known as interior designing has emerged. This branch concentrates in making the interior of the building, as beautiful and as comfortable as possible.

Choosing Colors to Paint Interiors

Planning the interiors of a home or commercial place is of utmost importance to create an atmosphere of well-being. The colors used for the interiors have an effect upon our subconscious mind. Every color has a direct relation to the way a person feels or reacts. The same theories are employed in color psychology and interior designing. And it is obvious one would always want to choose colors that create a pleasant feeling throughout the day and night.

Choosing the right color combination is the basic step for painting the interiors. The kind of colors chosen should always blend with each other naturally. One can even experiment in terms of complementing colors and finding new variations. This can be done by playing around with various tones and shades of the colors. There are many factors one would need to consider for coloring the interior. If you are wondering how to go about it, let’s take a look at some valuable tips to understand the importance of color selection.

Choosing Appropriate Colors to Paint Interiors

The first and foremost thing you need to do is to study the impression of the colors. Check how the colors look in varied intensities. You may paint a tiny patch on the walls with the colors you want to use. Now, study the way these colors appear at different times of the day. This will give you an idea about the lighting, how the room will ultimately look, and the kind of feelings it would evoke subsequently.

While choosing a color combination, you need to plan the interior. Consider things like―if the room is for children or if it’s for adults; whether you want a sophisticated look or something that is completely funky? The kind of look you opt for also helps to decide the kind of shades one needs to go for.

Before you paint your interiors, let’s take a look at some of the basics of the color wheel. These are some of the commonly used colors to paint the interiors.

Yellow: Use of yellow on the walls is said to create a feeling of welcome and warmth. However, a bright shade of yellow may turn out to be rather attention-grabbing. A useful tip would be to use this color in areas that receive minimum light.

Blue: This color is known to create a feeling of calmness. However, blue as a color is very cold, so it’s preferable you leave this option for the bedroom and use sunny colors for the kitchen or office space.

Orange: Orange is itself a warm color and can be used with varied intensities. A pure shade of orange is recommended only on smaller areas.

Violet: Violet is quite a popular shade for libraries and bedrooms. It is a good choice for children’s rooms. The lighter shades of violet have a very soothing effect on our senses.

Green: A color full of life and relaxation! Lighter shades of green are considered ideal for kitchen areas.

Pink: Girls adore this color, so it can go in for your princess’ room. However, pink may not always be used for a larger surface, but it can be used in lighter tones. Light shades of pink create a pleasant feeling altogether.

Brown: Brown tends to soothe and fits in warm color schemes. It creates a rustic feeling of warmth and is recommended for places that experience cold weather.

Gray: This color is considered to be an executive color. Gray can be used in different variations as a support for other colors and is mainly used for commercial interiors.

Red: Red is a powerful color and can be used in limited ways to enhance the look of a room. Darker shades of red can be used to create a comforting atmosphere.

Black: Black is used when one wants to create a stunning and dramatic effect. Although black is considered to be sophisticated, it cannot be used in larger proportions. For example, a specific portion of the wall can be painted in black, which can serve as a backdrop for photographs.

White: White is a peaceful color and is mainly used for commercial places and hospitals. White is also being used in combination with black for home interiors. The combination of white with black gives an elegant look and can be used for living rooms.

Consider your home/office furniture and the overall aesthetics of the décor. You can even color-match the shades with your furniture. If you are yet to purchase the furniture, then you can choose pieces that blend well and balance the colors used on the walls. Use cool colors for a feeling of peace and serenity. Cool colors include blue, green, and violet. If the room to be painted is a commercial place or a dining area, you can use warm shades. Warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. Dark browns are also used to create a warm environment. Pastel shades are another option for people who wish to create a feeling of large and airy rooms. Pastel shades simply refer to colors that have a larger proportion of white. Cool and warm colors can blend well with neutral colors. Neutral colors include shades of black, white, and gray. These neutral colors can be used in stylish combinations. A combination of cool and warm colors may give high, contrasting effects. In that case, you can use lesser proportions of either. This will help to create a balanced effect while painting the room.

Interior decorating can be enjoyable when you have your basics sorted out. If you have a good sense of color, you are bound to enjoy planning the interior décor of your home or office space. It’s time you pick the color palette and have a splash with your favorite colors!